IT Security

Blog Reading Time 6 Min Read
May 5, 2023

IT security

IT security is undoubtedly an important area for those in today’s digital world. While more companies and organizations use IT to handle sensitive information and communications, it is important to have adequate security to protect critical resources. Here we will briefly explain what IT security is, what the most common threats are, and what solutions are available to deal with these threats.

What is IT security?

IT security is a combination of methods, technology, and processes that aim to protect digital resources against unauthorized access, use, change, or disposal. IT security can be described as a concept that encompasses several different areas. Some of these areas are network security, data protection, privacy, and backup.

What are the most common threats associated with IT security?

There are many threats to IT security, both internal and external. Here are some of the most common threats:

Malware: Malware, or malicious code, is one of the biggest threats to good IT security. It can enter the system via infected files, emails, or web links. Malware can cause everything from annoying pop ups to the theft of personal information and, in the worst case, destroy the entire system.

Ransomware: This is a type of malware that blocks access to data and requires a lot of money to unblock it. It can be both costly and time-consuming and can also cause significant damage to companies and organizations, both in terms of money and reputation.

Social engineering: It is a technique in which cybercriminals manipulate other people to gain access to sensitive information or a protected system. It can be through phishing, spear-phishing, or other methods.

DDoS attacks: DDoS (Distributed Denial of Service) attacks are when a large amount of traffic is sent to a site or server to overload it and prevent users from accessing a system. This may affect the company’s or organization’s ability to do business and cause damage to the company’s brand.

Insider threat: This type of threat occurs when an employee or any other person with access to sensitive information uses it improperly. It can be intentional or unintentional, in the latter case, as a result of genuine mistakes.

Solutions to protect against threats

There are several methods to protect against IT security threats. Here are some of the most common ones:

Antivirus or EDR: An antivirus is one of the most basic security measures that you can take. It protects your computer from malware by detecting and removing viruses and other malware.

Firewall: A firewall is a security barrier that prevents unauthorized traffic from entering your network or computer. It can block malicious traffic as well as identify and stop potential threats before they reach your system.

Encryption: Encryption is a process that protects data from unauthorized access by converting it into a form that can only be read by the person who has the correct password or crypto key. It is important to protect sensitive information, such as trade secrets, passwords, or bank details.

Backup and recovery: This is a process in which a copy of data is created and stored in an alternate location. As a result, data can be restored if the original data is lost or damaged as a consequence of a cyberattack.

Software update: Keeping software up-to-date is an important security measure. Threats are constantly evolving and, over time, are becoming increasingly advanced. Software companies are therefore updating their applications with new features and security updates to protect against these new threats. Without software updates, you will not benefit from these new protection features.

Education and awareness: Education and awareness are also important for good IT security. Employees should be continuously trained in the latest threats and how to recognize and avoid them, for example, by not clicking on suspicious links or opening unknown emails.


IT security is an extremely important area for companies and organizations that use technology to handle sensitive information. There are many threats to IT security, such as malware, social engineering, ransomware, DDoS attacks, and insider threats. There are also many solutions to protect against these threats, including anti-virus software, firewalls, encryption, backup and recovery, software updates, and education and awareness. By taking these security measures, companies and organizations can increase their ability to protect themselves against these types of threats, thereby protecting their digital resources and minimizing the risk of cyberattacks.

How can eBuilder Security help you with your IT security?

eBuilder Security provides several services to improve your IT security. The following are some of them:

  • We perform vulnerability scanning on your applications to find possible vulnerabilities and continually monitor and improve your security posture.
  • We perform penetration tests on your applications, which is a more advanced test than a vulnerability scan, as we exploit what we find and try to break into the application.
  • We can help you implement an EDR solution to protect your devices. We have partnered with market leaders CrowdStrike and Cybereason to provide the best possible protection for all types of threats, from cloud to mobile. This can be combined with active threat hunting, where we perform 24/7 human threat hunting in your environment.